Stop the Spread of Salmonella on the Farm
Flocks should be monitored frequently for possible Salmonella infection.
Samples for culture can be taken from:
- Faecal samples.
- Boot or drag swabs.
- Dust samples.
On broiler farms, a combination of boot swabs and dust taken at 21-28 days is better than sampling litter
For breeder flocks in lay and commercial laying flocks, samples can also be taken from:
- Nest-box floor swabs.
- Nest-box litter.
- Swabs from egg sorting tables and corridors.
- Spilled debris from egg-collection belt.
In cases of positive samples appropriate action must be taken. This could be:
- Treatment with antimicrobials.
- Culling. In many countries the slaughter of positive breeding flocks is mandatory. Compensation is paid.
- Informing the hatchery, slaughterhouse or egg distributors/processing plant.
Breeders, broilers and layers can all be vaccinated against Salmonella. For more detail see the Products section for the appropriate vaccine and vaccination scheme for each group.
3. Gut-flora enhancement
The inclusion of Competitive Exclusion products in the diet of broilers on the farm results in extra protection against Salmonella infection as the maternal antibodies decline.
These products support the natural intestinal microflora resulting on a negative effect on pathogenic bacteria such as Salmonella. The shedding of Salmonella is thus reduced.
4. Cleaning and disinfection
Houses and buildings should be designed to facilitate cleaning and disinfection. After cleaning swabs should be taken to check for the persistence of Salmonella.
Farms that may pose problems are large multiple house sites with a short turnaround time. These farms may not allow adequate time for efficient cleaning and disinfection. Problem farms (farms with previous Salmonella positive flocks) should allow more time for cleaning and disinfection.
- Wash - dry - disinfect - dry – fog.
- Drying is very important in the complete elimination of Salmonella.
- Effective disinfectants/application rate/concentration.
- Avoid recontamination - staff/equipment/pests.
After cleaning and disinfection, fresh litter should be supplied for the new flock.
5. Hatching egg hygiene
This is another important aspect of on farm Salmonella control. Chicks may be infected with Salmonella via contaminated egg-shells. This could cause the spread of Salmonellosis in the hatchery. Shells are usually contaminated in nest boxes by faeces.
Strict attention should be paid to the management of nest boxes.
- Eggs should be collected at least 3x daily.
- Dirty eggs and eggs taken from the floor should be separated and not used for hatching.
- Lightly soiled eggs may be cleaned by gentle buffing or with a bactericidal solution. In the hatchery these eggs should be placed at the bottom of the setters and hatchers.
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